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「杂志猫」《人物》杂志人工智能之父图灵

发布日期: 2019-07-09浏览次数:

  在剑桥,图灵可称得上是一个怪才,一举一动常常出人意料。他是个单身汉和长跑运动员。在他的同事和学生中间,这位衣着随便、不打领带的著名教授,不善言辞,有些木讷、害羞,常咬指甲,但他更多地以自己杰出的才智赢得了人们的敬意。图灵每天骑自行车上班,因为患过敏性鼻炎,一遇到花粉,就会鼻涕不止,大打喷嚏。于是,他就常常在上班途中戴防毒面具,招摇过市,这早已成为剑桥的一大奇观。图灵的自行车经常半路掉链子,但他就是不肯去车铺修理。每次骑车时,他总是嘴里念念有词,在心里细细计算,这链条也怪,总是转到一定的圈数就滑落了,而图灵竟然能够做到在链条下滑前一刹那停车开奖结果,让旁观者佩服不已,以为图灵在玩杂技。后来图灵又居然在脚踏车旁装了一个小巧的机械记数器,到圈数时就停,歇口气换换脑子,再重新运动起来。1936年,图灵向伦敦权威的数学杂志投了一篇论文,题为《论数字计算在决断难题中的应用》。在这篇开创性的论文中,图灵给“可计算性”下了一个严格的数学定义,并提出著名的“图灵机”(Turing Machine)的设想。“图灵机”不是一种具体的机器,而是一种思想模型,可制造一种十分简单但运算能力极强的计算机装置,用来计算所有能想像得到的可计算函数。装置由一个控制器和一根假设两端无界的工作带(起存储器的作用)组成。工作带被划分为大小相同的方格,每一格上可书写一个给定字母表上的符号。控制器可以在带上左右移动,它带有一个读写出一个你期待的结果。外行人看了会坠入云里雾里,而内行人则称它是“阐明现代电脑原理的开山之作”,并冠以“理想计算机”的名称。这篇论文在纸上谈了一把兵,创造出一个“图灵机”来。但现代通用电脑确实是用相应的程序来完成任何设定好的任务。这一理论奠定了整个现代计算机的理论基础。“图灵机”更在电脑史上与“冯·诺依曼机”齐名,被永远载入计算机的发展史中。《人物》杂志是由人民出版社主办的一份以刊载名人传记和当代高端人物报导为主的人物传记类期刊。1980年创刊,是国内创办最早的人物传记类刊物。25年来《人物》杂志长期坚持“秉笔直书,存真求实”的办刊宗旨,坚持主流文化价值观念,被读者、研 究者及业界同行誉为“当代史记”。 展现领袖巨子大师人生智慧与影响力的舞台,品味主流社会人士成功之道的案头应备读品。

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